The native range extends from Canada's Manitoba and New Brunswick southward to the Ozarks and southern Appalachians in the United States. It is short lived compared to most of its associated trees; but it grows fast and sprouts readily from the base of trunks, forming characteristic clumps of several stems. Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons. Site Requirements: American basswood grow from full sun to dense shade and prefers moist well drained soils. The name 'Basswood' derives from the word 'bast.' Of the several species of linden trees grown in the United States, the American linden, or basswood (Tilia americana), is the only U.S. native. The leaves of basswood are alternately arranged, heart-shaped with unequal bases, coarsely toothed, and 3-6 inches in length. A Hambidge Fellow, Lynn studied English at Columbus State University. The basswood tree (Tilia americana), also known as the American linden tree, makes a bold addition to any yard but may overwhelm smaller parcels of real estate with its broad, dense canopy and large, sturdy trunk. In addition to 'Basswood,' trees in this genus are referred to as 'Linden' and 'Lime' trees. These trees are quite hardy and thrive in USDA hardiness zones 3 through 8. Basswoods are highly adaptable to soil conditions. On older trunks, the bark breaks into long, medium ridges and furrows, dark gray to almost black in color. Other members of the genus include the rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus), phalsa (Grewia subinaequalis), durian (Durio spp. Spray thoroughly, and repeat every seven to 10 days unless the label on commercial products directs otherwise. soft and very easily workable type of wood that has managed to become a lumber of choice for many woodworkers who areinterested to quickly and easily produce lightweight wood products Its other common name is American Linden. Basswood is a large, (70-80 feet in height), wide-spreading, round-topped tree with dense foliage. A distinctly pyramidal shape when young, a straight and sturdy trunk and glossy green leaves set it apart from other large shade trees. This is a common trait of this species. American Basswood - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Part of the Malvaceae family, the basswood tree is well suited to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. Linden trees are hermap… Habitat: Grows on moist upland woods and slopes. It is one of the favorite woods for the wood carver; in addition the wood is used for frames of honeycombs, boxes for other foods and fruits, crates, barrels, venetian blinds, slats and veneer for hidden parts of cabinets and furniture. Heavy insect infestations or diseases can often be treated with a spray of insecticidal soap or horticultural oil, available in premixed formulations or homemade: Mix 2 tablespoons of mild dish detergent or a combination of dish detergent and 2 tablespoons of canola oil with a gallon of water, and spray the foliage thoroughly. The foliage is green on the upper surface and a paler shade below. Audrey Lynn has been a journalist and writer since 1974. Does a Eucalyptus Tree Turn Brown in the Winter? The rich green upper side of the leaf is in contrast to the underleaf's paler green to almost-white color. Basswood makes a handsome, moderately fast growing shade tree but is not used as extensively as some of the European species of lindens. Fast-growing and deciduous, basswood trees generally reach a mature height of 65 to 70 feet, growing about 24 inches per season. Twigs are light brown to gray in color with prominent, plump, bluntly pointed, dark red buds. The American basswood (Tilia americana) is the only member of the genus Tilia native to Iowa. Plant Basswood trees where they will get full sun to partial shade. Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees. The name basswood came from a use made by native Americans of using its fibrous, tough inner bark or "bast" for making cords, thongs and ropes. Basswood - Characteristics, Benefits and Uses. Tilia is a beautiful, large and long-lived tree. Both types are good-sized trees: They often grow to 60 or 80 feet in height, with exceptional specimens of American basswood soaring to 130 feet or more tall and with trunks five or more feet across.
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