pique fabric meaning

Pique’s weave features cotton yarn characterised by raised parallel cords or fine ribbing. While originally used for imitation pieces of the corded Provençal quilts, made in Marseille, by the mid 20th century pique became a key material in men’s fashion. Its breathable nature also ensures that any wearers of pique stay cool. Pique is used in sportswear and formal cotton shirt fabrics, demonstrating its versatility. There are two pique fabrics to choose from at Acorn Fabrics. Further details may exist on the, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "From lap to loom: The transition of Marseilles white work from hand to machine", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Piqué_(weaving)&oldid=990921426, Articles needing additional references from December 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles to be expanded from November 2019, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 07:43. In both instances, the fabric is characterized by having a visible texture due to the way the fabric is made. Of course, it’s the style of the shirting that makes it suitable for one or the other. It holds more starch than plain fabric, so produces a stiffer shirt front. Developed up north, by the Lancashire cotton industry, the fabric was developed using a mechanised technique or weaving double cloth with an enclosed cording weft. Piqué, or marcella, refers to a weaving style, normally used with cotton yarn, which is characterized by raised parallel cords or geometric designs in the fabric. [1] Twilled cotton and corded cotton are close relatives. Marcella use then spread to other parts of the dress code and it is now the most common fabric used in the tie and waistcoat of white tie. Pique (pronounced "pi-kay" or "pee-kay") can refer to either a woven or a knit fabric, although it is most commonly associated with knits. Home / Blog / What is cotton pique fabric? qués [pi-keyz, pee-; French pee-key] /pɪˈkeɪz, pi-; French piˈkeɪ/. It is commonly used for polo shirts – worn for fashion purposes or in golfing – as well as white tie events. These textures are created using a slightly different manufacturing process to add depth to the original pique design. This gives the material a subtle pattern and texture – which can only be seen up close. Created by 21Digital, Sewing Labels, Range Card, Vouchers & Sewing patterns. Fill in the form on our contact page and we’ll send you your required samples right away. It’s breathable, durable and easily cared for and has excellent give and comfort. If you’re keen to give our pique fabric a try, why not request a fabric sample? If that's too technical for you, notice the pictures in this article. Textures and patterns vary across pique shirting too. We’ve got the material available in black pique fabric and in plain white piquet fabric, both materials featuring the heavy waffle weave. Put simply, pique is a knit-construction fabric characterized by a geometric pattern texture which is created by raised cords. Do you have one of the pique fabrics from the Acorn Fabrics collection? These fabrics require the addition of extra yarns, called stuffer yarns. Piqués may be constructed in various patterns such as cord, waffle, honeycomb and birdseye piqués. [2] The term "marcella" is one of a number of variations on the word "Marseille". [2] It was originally used to make imitations of the corded Provençal quilts made in Marseille, the manufacture of which became an important industry for Lancashire from the late 18th to the early 20th century. Pique shirts are a wardrobe staple. a step in which the dancer steps onto the tip of the toe without bending the knee. The weave is closely associated with white tie, and some accounts [which?] for 2. a fabric of cotton, spun rayon, or silk, woven lengthwise with raised cords. The weave is closely associated with white tie, and some accounts[which?] Furthermore, the textured weave is great at hiding all those perspiration stains. How you decide to use our pique fabric is totally up to you! You’ll find some with a cord structure, others with waffle or honeymoon structures, and even birds eye piques. The fancy structure makes it perfect for dress shirts but can be used to make casual summer jackets, dresses and waistcoats too. Of course, it’s the style of the shirting that makes it suitable for one or the other. It is commonly used for polo shirts – worn for fashion purposes or in golfing – as well as white tie events. Free Shipping on all UK orders with code FREE. Marcella weaving was developed by the Lancashire cotton industry in the late 18th century as a mechanised technique of weaving double cloth with an enclosed heavy cording weft. One such fabric is pique, a popular material often used for casual clothing. We’ve got lighter fabrics, such as linens, through to formal fabrics like pique and just about everything in between. A knit fabric with a similar texture is used in polo shirts. Although made of 100% cotton today, cotton-silk blends and even pure silk versions were made in the past and in a variety of weaves. A pique fabric is a knit or woven fabric with patterns of fine ribbing or cording created with a dobby loom attachment. Pique, otherwise known as Marcella, has its origins in the 18th century. Ballet. Piqué, or marcella, refers to a weaving style, normally used with cotton yarn, which is characterized by raised parallel cords or geometric designs in the fabric. If so, leave us a review @AcornFabrics, Copyright © 2019 Acorn Fabrics (Cumbria) limited Pique fabric is a woven or knit fabric with patterns of fine ribbing or cording, created using a dobby loom attachment. even say the fabric was invented specifically for this use. Some piqués may be made using the Jacquard attachment on the loom. So, whether you’re enjoying an active game of golf or layered up for your white tie event, you can rely on pique fabric to keep you feeling comfortable and looking great. If you’re new to bespoke shirting, you may find yourself questioning which fabric best suits your needs. From when you should wear it to the Acorn Fabrics pique collection – we’ve got it all covered in today’s blog…. Piqué fabrics vary from semi-sheer dimity to heavy weight waffle cloth. [3], Piqué fabrics are a type of dobby construction. Pique fabrics are medium weight and usually made with cotton fibers. Also known as marcella fabric, pique cotton fabrics are produced in a variety of patterns including quilted, waffle, honeycomb and cord. The popular material boasts a lot of fantastic qualities. [1] Piqué fabrics vary from semi-sheer dimity to heavy weight waffle cloth. Twilled cotton and corded cotton are close relatives.. Pique is used in sportswear and formal cotton shirt fabrics, demonstrating its versatility. These stuffer yarns are incorporated into the back of the fabric to give texture and added depth to the fabric design. So, if you’ve found yourself asking, “What is pique?” this is the article for you. Take a close look at the blue fabric pattern surrounding the Gensler Garden's logo. 2 : decoration of a tortoiseshell or ivory object with inlaid fragments of gold or silver. At Acorn Fabrics, we stock dozens of shirting materials. Definition of piqué (Entry 3 of 3) 1 : a durable ribbed clothing fabric of cotton, rayon, or silk. [4], Please expand the article to include this information. Marcella shirts then replaced earlier plain fronts, which remain a valid alternative. Pique cotton is a type of fabric that has been basket-weaved in a certain way as to display a fine ribbing texture. A casual cut, short-sleeved polo shirt is suited to sports while the long sleeve formal shirt is best suited to white tie events. 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